Iranian writer sentenced to death

Iranian prisoner of conscience Arzhang Davoodi, already in prison for nearly 11 years, has now been sentenced to death on a new charge of “enmity against God”, in relation to his peaceful political activism and writings.

Iranian writer and poet Arzhang Davoodi learned from his lawyer on 20 July 2014 that he had been sentenced to death for his alleged membership and support of banned group People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI). The sentence was imposed despite an apparent lack of evidence and after grossly unfair proceedings. He had been given less than an hour on 3 June to present his defence before a Revolutionary Court in the southern city of Bandar Abbas, which relayed it to a Revolutionary Court in Karaj, responsible for issuing the death sentence. Neither Arzhang Davoodi nor his lawyer were allowed to appear before the court which issued the verdict.  

Arzhang Davoodi was arrested in 2003 and held in solitary confinement for prolonged periods during which he has said he was tortured and otherwise ill-treated and denied access to a lawyer and his family. He was sentenced, in March 2005, to 25 years’ imprisonment, reduced to 10 years on appeal, on charges of “spreading propaganda against the system” and “establishing and directing an organization opposed to the government” for his peaceful activities, including directing a cultural education centre. In May 2014, he was sentenced to an additional two years’ imprisonment, on the charge of “insulting the Supreme Leader” which is under consideration in an appeal court.

Arzhang Davoodi is a prisoner of conscience, jailed, and now sentenced to death, for his political opinions and peaceful exercise of the right to freedom of expression. He has no links with the PMOI or any armed groups. He is believed to have been accused of having ties with the PMOI merely because in prison he insisted on calling PMOI by its official name, Mojahedin, rather than by the term used by the Iranian authorities, Monafeghin (hypocrites).

Please write immediately in Persian, Arabic, English or your own language:

  • Calling on the Iranian authorities to overturn Arzhang Davoodi’s death sentence;
  • Calling on them to release Arzhang Davoodi immediately and unconditionally, as he is a prisoner of conscience, held solely for the peaceful exercise of his right to freedom of expression;
  • Reminding them that under international law, the death penalty can be imposed only for “the most serious crimes”, interpreted as “intentional killing” and after proceedings that comply with the most rigorous internationally recognized standards for fair trial.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 4 SEPTEMBER 2014 TO: (Time difference = GMT + 3.5 hrs / BST + 2.5 hrs)

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Azerbaijan: Activist detained, risks torture

Political activist Faraj Karimov, a dedicated critic of the Azerbaijani government, went missing on 23 July. It was later revealed that police had detained him, but his whereabouts are still not known, and he is at risk of torture and other ill-treatment. His brother Siraj Karimov had been arrested six days earlier.

Faraj Karimov is an active member of the youth branch of opposition political party Musavat. He is also a blogger and an outspoken critic of the government in social media.

Faraj Karimov called his father in the morning of 23 July to say he was being followed by people in civilian clothes. After that, his phone went dead. His father made several calls to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, but received no information about his son.

Later that day, the Azerbaijani authorities announced that Faraj Karimov had been detained on drug charges. However, the authorities have not disclosed his location and have allowed neither Faraj Karimov’s lawyer nor his family to contact him. His family fear that Faraj Karimov is being tortured or otherwise ill-treated. They are also concerned about Faraj Karimov’s health, since he has been suffering from serious medical conditions of the heart and lungs.

Faraj Karimov’s older brother, Siraj Karimov, had been arrested on drug charges on 17 July. Police claimed to have found drugs in his pockets. The family insist that neither Faraj nor Siraj Karimov used drugs. The family believe Siraj Karimov was arrested solely because of his brother’s political activities.

Amnesty International has previously documented cases in Azerbaijan of political activists and human rights defenders being held incommunicado, while being severely beaten to make them “confess crimes”. The Azerbaijani authorities have also used trumped-up drug charges against outspoken critics.

Please write immediately in Azeri, Russian, English or your own language:

  • Expressing concern that the charges against Faraj and Siraj Karimov are politically motivated and insisting that the drug allegations are impartially investigated, and release them immediately if these allegations are proven wrong;
  • Calling on the authorities to notify Faraj Karimov’s family about his whereabouts immediately, ensure his safety and that he is not tortured or otherwise ill-treated;
  • Calling on them to allow Faraj Karimov immediate access a lawyer of his choice;
  • Insisting on full respect for, and protection of, the right to freedom of expression in Azerbaijan.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 5 SEPTEMBER 2014 TO:  (Time difference = GMT + 5 hrs / BST + 4 hrs)

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These twelve years have been about hope built upon a solid foundation, about real life plans and alternatives that have been blinded by the terror of assassins.
And despite all of this, the 185 assassinated members of our community are today more alive than ever in those of us who believe in justice (…) we are a clear example of the annihilation that has and continues to be carried out against communities engaged in pacific resistance to the conflict in our country. But in spite of all the acts of terror, lies, baseless prosecutions,
deaths, violations, crop destruction, and threats, we are full of hope because these are not twelve years of solitude; they are twelve years warmed by the lives of many people who believe in our new humanity, and with them we have never been alone. Quite the contrary: they walk with us each and every day.
Human rights defenders in their own words: the Peace Community of San José de Apartadó.

The Peace Community of San José de Apartadó is made up of people living in a number of hamlets in the municipality of Apartadó, in Antioquia Department, north-western Colombia, who maintain their right to not be drawn into Colombia’s armed conflict and refuse to take sides with any of the parties to the conflict. They refuse to bear arms or provide information or logistical support to either side. In return, the members of the Peace Community of San José de Apartadó demand that the parties to the conflict stay out of their communities and respect their decision not to participate in or to collaborate with the warring parties.

Since the Peace Community was established on 23 March 1997, more than 200 of its members have been killed or subjected to enforced disappearance, while others have been threatened or sexually assaulted. 

Call on Colombia’s government to protect the Peace Community!

Colombia: Armed forces threaten Peace Community

Members of the armed forces have threatened to “exterminate” the Peace Community of San José de Apartadó in north-western Colombia.

On 21 July a member of the armed forces told an inhabitant of San José, Antioquia Department, who has close links with the Peace Community of San José de Apartadó that “the time has arrived for that son-of-a-bitch community, we are coordinating with the paramilitaries for the extermination of that son-of-a-bitch Peace Community” (esa HP de Comunidad de Paz, le llego la hora, estamos coordinando con los paras el exterminio de esa HP Comunidad de Paz). On 19 July a local newspaper ran an article with statements from the new commander of the XVII Brigade, a former commander of the Voltígeros Battalion, which regularly operates in the area. The XVII Brigade has a grave human rights record and the units attached to it, including the Voltígeros Battalion, have repeatedly colluded with paramilitary forces in the area. The commander said that the Brigade would do special work with the hamlets of San José de Apartadó to recuperate the space they had lost, alluding to the areas which make up the Peace Community. The Peace Community understands this as a further threat to exterminate them.

In recent weeks paramilitaries have forced people living in the area of San José to attend meetings in the hamlet of Rodoxali. Paramilitaries continue to operate from the bases they have established in the vicinity of the hamlets of the Peace Community.

Please write immediately in Spanish or your own language:

  • Expressing concern for the safety of the members of the Peace Community of San José de Apartadó and other civilians living in the area;
  • Urging the authorities to order full and impartial investigations into the threats by members of the army and the threats and presence of paramilitaries, and to publish the results and bring those responsible to justice;
  • Reminding them that civilians, including the San José de Apartadó Peace Community and other civilians living in the area, have the right to not be drawn into the armed conflict;
  • Urging them to take immediate action to dismantle paramilitary groups and break their links with the security forces, in line with stated government commitments and recommendations made by the UN and other intergovernmental organizations.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 4 SEPTEMBER 2014 TO:  (Time difference = GMT - 5 hrs / BST - 6 hrs)

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Tajikistan: Prisoner of conscience released on bail, still facing prison

Prisoner of conscience Alexander Sodiqov was released on bail on 22 July in Tajikistan. He still faces a prison sentence. He has been targeted for his work as an academic researcher and for the legitimate exercise of his right to freedom of expression.

PhD student Alexander Sodiqov was released on bail on 22 July from a pre-trial detention centre, and said he had not been ill-treated. The charges against him have not been dropped and the investigation is still ongoing.

According to media reports, he was held in connection with investigations into a charge of “high treason” under Article 305 of the Criminal Code (punishable by 12 to 20 years’ imprisonment). Amnesty International believes Alexander Sodiqov was a prisoner of conscience who had been detained solely for exercising his right to freedom of expression, as he had been undertaking legitimate academic research leading to publication for public information.

Alexander Sodiqov, resident in Canada, had been detained on 16 June by two security officials in Khorogh, capital of eastern Tajikistan’s Gorno-Badakshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO). Police went into his mother’s home in Dushanbe the next day, searched it and removed computer and data storage equipment. That day, the State Committee for National Security (SCNS) issued a statement accusing him of spying for foreign governments.

Please write immediately in Tajik, Russian, English or your own language:

  • Calling on the authorities to drop the charges against Alexander Sodiqov immediately;
  • Urging them to guarantee the right to freedom of expression in line with their international human rights obligations, including Article 19 of the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 3 SEPTEMBER 2014 TO:  (Time difference = GMT + 5 hrs / BST + 4 hrs)

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descentintotyranny:

FBI pressured Muslims into committing terrorist acts, then arrested them: report
July 21 2014
The FBI encouraged and sometimes even paid Muslims to commit terrorist acts during numerous sting operations after the 9/11 attacks, a human rights group said in a report published Monday.
“Far from protecting Americans, including American Muslims, from the threat of terrorism, the policies documented in this report have diverted law enforcement from pursuing real threats,” said the report by Human Rights Watch.
Aided by Columbia University Law School’s Human Rights Institute, Human Rights Watch examined 27 cases from investigation through trial, interviewing 215 people, including those charged or convicted in terrorism cases, their relatives, defense lawyers, prosecutors and judges.
“In some cases the FBI may have created terrorists out of law-abiding individuals by suggesting the idea of taking terrorist action or encouraging the target to act,” the report said.
In the cases reviewed, half the convictions resulted from a sting operation, and in 30 percent of those cases the undercover agent played an active role in the plot.
“Americans have been told that their government is keeping them safe by preventing and prosecuting terrorism inside the US,” said Andrea Prasow, the rights group’s deputy Washington director.
“But take a closer look and you realize that many of these people would never have committed a crime if not for law enforcement encouraging, pressuring and sometimes paying them to commit terrorist acts.”
US Attorney General Eric Holder has strongly defended the FBI undercover operations as “essential in fighting terrorism.”
“These operations are conducted with extraordinary care and precision, ensuring that law enforcement officials are accountable for the steps they take -– and that suspects are neither entrapped nor denied legal protections,” Holder said July 8 during a visit to Norway.
The HRW report, however, cites the case of four Muslim converts from Newburgh, New York who were accused of planning to blow up synagogues and attack a US military base.
A judge in that case “said the government ‘came up with the crime, provided the means, and removed all relevant obstacles,’ and had, in the process, made a terrorist out of a man ‘whose buffoonery is positively Shakespearean in scope,’” the report said.
The rights group charged that the FBI often targets vulnerable people, with mental problems or low intelligence.
It pointed to the case of Rezwan Ferdaus, who was sentenced to 17 years in prison at age 27 for wanting to attack the Pentagon and Congress with mini-drones loaded with explosives.
An FBI agent told Ferdaus’ father that his son “obviously” had mental health problems, the report said. But that didn’t stop an undercover agent from conceiving the plot in its entirety, it said.
“The US government should stop treating American Muslims as terrorists-in-waiting,” the report concluded.
Mike German, a former FBI agent now with the Brennan Center, said FBI counterterrorism excesses were a source of concern — “concerns that they both violate privacy and civil liberties, and aren’t effective in addressing real threats.”
But JM Berger, a national security expert, said law enforcement faces a dilemma: it can’t just ignore tips or reports about people talking about wanting to commit a terrorist action or seeking support for one.
“The question is how to sort out which cases merit investigation and which do not,” he said.

descentintotyranny:

FBI pressured Muslims into committing terrorist acts, then arrested them: report

July 21 2014

The FBI encouraged and sometimes even paid Muslims to commit terrorist acts during numerous sting operations after the 9/11 attacks, a human rights group said in a report published Monday.

“Far from protecting Americans, including American Muslims, from the threat of terrorism, the policies documented in this report have diverted law enforcement from pursuing real threats,” said the report by Human Rights Watch.

Aided by Columbia University Law School’s Human Rights Institute, Human Rights Watch examined 27 cases from investigation through trial, interviewing 215 people, including those charged or convicted in terrorism cases, their relatives, defense lawyers, prosecutors and judges.

“In some cases the FBI may have created terrorists out of law-abiding individuals by suggesting the idea of taking terrorist action or encouraging the target to act,” the report said.

In the cases reviewed, half the convictions resulted from a sting operation, and in 30 percent of those cases the undercover agent played an active role in the plot.

“Americans have been told that their government is keeping them safe by preventing and prosecuting terrorism inside the US,” said Andrea Prasow, the rights group’s deputy Washington director.

“But take a closer look and you realize that many of these people would never have committed a crime if not for law enforcement encouraging, pressuring and sometimes paying them to commit terrorist acts.”

US Attorney General Eric Holder has strongly defended the FBI undercover operations as “essential in fighting terrorism.”

“These operations are conducted with extraordinary care and precision, ensuring that law enforcement officials are accountable for the steps they take -– and that suspects are neither entrapped nor denied legal protections,” Holder said July 8 during a visit to Norway.

The HRW report, however, cites the case of four Muslim converts from Newburgh, New York who were accused of planning to blow up synagogues and attack a US military base.

A judge in that case “said the government ‘came up with the crime, provided the means, and removed all relevant obstacles,’ and had, in the process, made a terrorist out of a man ‘whose buffoonery is positively Shakespearean in scope,’” the report said.

The rights group charged that the FBI often targets vulnerable people, with mental problems or low intelligence.

It pointed to the case of Rezwan Ferdaus, who was sentenced to 17 years in prison at age 27 for wanting to attack the Pentagon and Congress with mini-drones loaded with explosives.

An FBI agent told Ferdaus’ father that his son “obviously” had mental health problems, the report said. But that didn’t stop an undercover agent from conceiving the plot in its entirety, it said.

“The US government should stop treating American Muslims as terrorists-in-waiting,” the report concluded.

Mike German, a former FBI agent now with the Brennan Center, said FBI counterterrorism excesses were a source of concern — “concerns that they both violate privacy and civil liberties, and aren’t effective in addressing real threats.”

But JM Berger, a national security expert, said law enforcement faces a dilemma: it can’t just ignore tips or reports about people talking about wanting to commit a terrorist action or seeking support for one.

“The question is how to sort out which cases merit investigation and which do not,” he said.

Reblogged from globalamnestyinternational

Mexico: Migrant tortured and charged in Mexico

Ángel Amílcar Colón Quevedo was arrested on 9 March 2009 in Mexico’s northern border city of Tijuana. He had left Honduras two months before in order to reach the USA and find a job to pay for medical treatment for his gravely ill son. Mexican police officers raided the house where a local people-smuggler (coyote) had forced Ángel Colón to stay before taking him over the border.

At the point of his arrest, Ángel Colón was beaten by Baja California State Preventive Police officers and forced to walk on his knees. He later told his lawyer and the judge that over the following 16 hours he was tortured and otherwise ill-treated by state and federal police officers and members of the military. He was nearly asphyxiated, threatened and humiliated, including being repeatedly called “fucking nigger” (pinche negro). “They made me clean the shoes of other detainees with my saliva, give my clothes away, stand in parody military postures, they insulted me, they turned me into a clown for their amusement” (me pusieron a limpiar los zapatos con mi saliva de otros detenidos, dar mi vestimenta a otros, realizar posturas militares que no sabía cómo hacerlas, me insultaban, la cosa es que me convirtieron en el payaso que divierte a su público).

Ángel Colón was forced to sign a statement to the federal public prosecutor, which was used to charge him with organized crime offences. Despite retracting the statement when brought before a judge and reporting his torture and other ill-treatment, his initial statement has been used as evidence to prosecute him and remand him into a federal prison in Tepic, Nayarit state. The Federal Attorney General’s Office (Procuraduría General de la República, PGR) has failed to investigate his allegation of torture. In early 2014 independent international medical forensic experts examined him and concluded that medical evidence of torture was consistent with his complaint. This evidence has been submitted to the court, but the PGR has refused to drop the charges. In the coming weeks, the PGR will have a further opportunity to review the case. Amnesty International considers Ángel Colón a prisoner of conscience as he was tortured and otherwise ill-treated because of his Garífuna Afro-descendent origin.

Please write immediately in Spanish, English or your own language:

  • Urging the PGR to drop the charges against Ángel Colón enabling his immediate and unconditional release;
  • Calling for a full, prompt and impartial investigation into his allegations of torture and other human rights violations, including racial discrimination, make the results public and bring those responsible to justice;
  • Calling for all available evidence, including the forensic report by independent medical experts, to be fully considered.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 1 SEPTEMBER 2014 TO:  (Time difference = GMT - 6 hrs / BST - 7 hrs)

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Honduras: Members of Afro-descendant community at risk in Honduras

Members of an Afro-descendant Garífuna community in north-eastern Honduras, including human rights defender Miriam Miranda, were temporarily abducted by armed men after discovering an illegal runway used by drug traffickers on the Garífuna community’s territory. The safety of Miriam and the Garífuna community remains at risk.

Early on 17 July several members of an Afro-descendant Garífuna community, including human rights defender Miriam Miranda, were visiting a remote area in the Garífuna territory in Vallecito, Colón Department, when they were captured by four heavily-armed men. During a previous visit to the area, community members discovered that an illegal runway used by drug traffickers that had been destroyed by the army in January 2014 was being rebuilt. Miriam told Amnesty International that the attackers searched them, took away their mobile phones and said that they were going to kill them. When the attackers learned that more members of the Garífuna community were still in the area and could be aware of the abduction and call for help, they phoned their chief. A vehicle with reinforcements arrived and following negotiations, all those who were abducted were freed four hours later.

Miriam Miranda is the general coordinator of the Organización Fraternal Negra de Honduras (OFRANEH), an organization that works to promote and defend the rights of the Afro-descendant Garífuna community. In 2011 she was granted precautionary measures by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights because of the threats and harassment she faces due to her human rights work. These measures have not been properly implemented.

In the hours following the abduction, numerous national and international organizations launched calls for action. As a result an army contingent was sent to the area where the incident occurred to ensure the protection of those who were abducted. However, this was a provisional and partial measure that will not ensure the security of Miriam Miranda, other Garífuna members and their families when they return to their homes. Moreover, no measures are in place to secure the Garífuna territories where drug traffickers are reportedly operating, putting the entire community at risk.

Please write immediately in Spanish or your own language:

* Calling on the authorities to carry out an immediate and independent investigation into the abduction on 17 July, to make the results public and bring those found responsible to justice;

* Urging them to fully implement the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights precautionary measures in favour of Miriam Miranda and to provide effective protection to her, her family and all members of the Garífuna community in accordance with their wishes;

* Reminding them of their duty to guarantee that human rights defenders can carry out their work without fear of violence and threats, as established in the 1998 UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 2 SEPTEMBER 2014 TO:  (Time difference = GMT - 6 hrs / BST - 7 hrs)

Minister of Interior
Sr. Arturo Corrales
Secretaria de Estado en el Despacho de ? Seguridad 
Aldea el Ocotal, Antiguo Local de la Academia Nacional de Policía ANAPO
Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Email: comunicacionCNDS@gmail.com 
Salutation: Dear Minister of Interior / 
Señor Ministro del Interior

Attorney General
Sr. Oscar Chinchilla Banegas
Ministerio Público, Lomas del Guijarro
Avenida República Dominicana
Edificio Lomas Plaza II
Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Fax: +504 2221 5667
Twitter: @MP_Honduras 
Salutation: Dear Attorney General/ Señor Fiscal General

And copies to:
Organización Fraternal Negra Hondureña - OFRANEH
Apartado Postal 341, La Ceiba, Atlántida
Honduras        
Fax: +504 25521513 / +504 24490003

PLEASE SEND COPIES OF YOUR APPEAL TO

His Excellency Mr Ivan Romero-Martinez, Embassy of Honduras, 4th Floor, 136 Baker Street, London W1U 6UD,  Fax: 020 7486 4550  Tel: (020) 7486 4880 Email: hondurasuk@lineone.net

BACKGROUND INFORMATION:

In 1997 the National Agrarian Institute (Instituto Nacional Agrario, INA) granted title deeds on 980 hectares of land in Vallecito, Colón Department, to the Afro-descendant Garífuna community. For years organized crime has been present in the Vallecito territory, where drug traffickers have built an illegal runway that they have been using for their operations. The Garífuna community has been facing harassment, intimidation and threats in their struggle to take possession of their land.

Indigenous peoples and Garífuna communities in Honduras are discriminated against and suffer inequality, for example, in relation to their rights to land, housing, water, health and education. Large scale projects are carried out on their lands without being consulted and without their free, prior and informed consent. Indigenous and Garífuna leaders have faced fabricated criminal charges and have been the target of attacks and intimidation in reprisal for their work in defence of human rights. This is the case of Miriam Miranda, who has been at the forefront of the defence of the human rights of the Garífuna community, in particular in relation to their land, territory or natural resources.

Human rights defenders face high levels of risk in Honduras. According to the National Commissioner for Human Rights, 30 journalists and 70 lawyers have been killed in Honduras since January 2010. Among the dozens of cases of human rights violations and abuses committed against human rights defenders in the last five years, according to the information Amnesty International has received, in only one case were those responsible prosecuted, convicted and sentenced. For more information, see Amnesty International’s Open letter to the presidential candidates of the Republic of Honduras (http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/AMR37/014/2013/en).

In June 2014 the Honduran Congress discussed a first draft of a Law to Protect Journalists, Human Rights Defenders and Justice System workers (Ley de Protección para los Defensores de Derechos Humanos, Periodistas, Comunicadores Sociales y Operadores de Justicia). Given the context of violence faced by human rights defenders, journalists and justice system workers, it is absolutely crucial that the law is approved and implemented, and that adequate resources (including financial and human) are devoted to the task of establishing an effective protection mechanism.

PLEASE CHECK WITH THE INDIVIDUALS AT RISK PROGRAMME AT AIUK BEFORE SENDING APPEALS AFTER 2 SEPTEMBER 2014

Individuals at Risk Programme, Amnesty International UK, 17-25 New Inn Yard, London EC2A 3EA, 0207 033 1572, iar@amnesty.org.uk.



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Russian Federation: Criminal investigation into detainee’s torture

The anonymous detainee’s lawyers have been sent a copy of an order to open a criminal case against prison staff. More appeals will help to ensure the authorities pursue this complaint.

Lawyers for the man believed to have been tortured at a temporary detention facility where he has been held since April 2014 have received a copy of an order to open a criminal case against prison staff for causing injury to the man.

The order was issued on 14 July and states that the action of the unidentified staff members “obviously went beyond their professional duty and has caused substantive violations of the rights and interests of the detainee”.  

The temporary detention facility is on the territory of prison colony no.14 (abbreviation in Russian: (characters not supported - please see attachment),anglicised as FKU IK-14 GUFSIN) in Nizhnii Novgorod Region.

Please write immediately in Russian, English or your own language:

  • Welcoming the opening of a criminal case against yet unidentified staff members at colony FKU IK-14 GUFSIN in Nizhnii Novgorod Region;
  • Expressing concern for the health and wellbeing of the detainee held in FKU IK-14 GUFSIN since April 2014 who has complained about torture and other ill-treatment, including rape;
  • Asking the authorities to transfer the detainee to another facility during the criminal investigation, so as to ensure his safety and allow an objective investigation into his allegations of torture and other ill-treatment;
  • Urging them to ensure that the investigation into the criminal case is conducted promptly, impartially, effectively and in full compliance with the law, so that all those who used unlawful means to extract a confession from the detainee are brought to justice.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 3 SEPTEMBER 2014 TO:  (Time difference = GMT + 4 hrs / BST + 3 hrs)

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